NPT & NPS Threads

NPT is NATIONAL PIPE TAPER (AMERICAN)
NPS is NATIONAL PIPE STRAIGHT (PARALLEL) 
NPTF is NATIONAL PIPE TAPER FOR FUEL 
NPSM is NATIONAL PIPE STRAIGHT MECHANICAL
Thread form per ANSI/ASME B1.20.1 
Thread form per ANSI/ASME B1.20.1 
Thread form per SAE J476 
Thread form per ANSI/ASME B1.20.1

 

National Pipe threads are similar in function to BSP threads, but are not generally interchangeable. 
NPTF threads (also known as Dryseal) are an improvement to NPT. 
Controlled truncation of threads mean the metal-to-metal thread seal is at root and crest of threads, in addition to flanks of threads. 
Use of thread sealant is recommended for NPT male and NPT female connection.

threadconnectorId_001.jpg

Measure NPT male thread OD and NPT female thread ID at first full thread near end of fitting.

NPT Threads Dimensions

NPT THREAD
SIZE & PITCH
DASH
SIZE
MALE THREAD
MINOR OD
FEMALE
THREAD ID
 inch - TPI   mm  inch   mm inch 
1/8 - 27  -02   9,9  0.39 8,4   0.33
 1/4 - 18 -04  13,2   0.52  11,2 0.44 
3/8 - 18   -06  16,6  0.65 14,7  0.58 
1/2 - 14  -08  20,6  0.81  17,8  0.70 
3/4 - 14  -12  26,0  1.02  23,4  0.92 
1 - 11.1/2  -16  32,5  1.28  29,5  1.16 
1.1/4 - 11.1/2  -20  41,2  1.62  38,1  1.50 
1.1/2 - 11.1/2  -24  47,3  1.86  43,9  1.73 
2 - 11.1/2 -32 59,3 2.33 56,4 2.22
2.1/2 - 8 -40 71,5 2.82 69,1 2.72
3 - 8 -48 87,3 3.44 84,8 3.34

NPSM Threads Dimensions

NPSM THREAD
SIZE
DASH
SIZE
FEMALE
THREAD ID
inch - TPI   mm inch
1/8 - 27 -02 8,6 0.34
1/4 - 18 -04 11,9 0.47
3/8 - 18 -06 15,0 0.59
1/2 - 14 -08 19,1 0.75
3/4 - 14 -12 24,6 0.97
1 - 11.1/2 -16 30,5 1.20
1.1/4 - 11.1/2 -20 39,4 1.55
1.1/2 - 11.1/2 -24 45,5 1.79
2 - 11.1/2 -32 57,4 2.26
2.1/2 - 8 -40 68,8 2.71
3 - 8 -48 84,6 3.33


Thread size refers to the nominal bore of the pipe. 
Subtract approximately 1/4”(6 mm) from thread meas ure ment for nominal pipe size. 
Pitch is Threads Per Inch (TPI).